Winston Churchill

Essay by UmpalumpaA+, March 2004

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Winston Churchill was born on November 30, 1874, in Blenheim Palace in Oxfordshire, England. He was the elder of the two sons of lord Randolph Churchill and lady Churchill, an American girl whose maiden name was Jennie Jerome. Winston Churchill had a memorable career in politics, the military, and as an author.

In 1900, he ran for parliament as a Conservative and won a seat. A few years later he would change to be a Liberal. Under Prime Minister Asquith, he served England as President of the Board of Trade and Home Secretary. Churchill overcame old age pensions and was active in setting up a new series of labor laws. In 1911 he was named First Lord of the Admiralty and presided over the British navy before the outbreak of World War I.

In 1908 Churchill married Clementine Hozier. They had five children, one of which died before adulthood. The marriage was a long and happy one.

The Dardanelles expedition, a plan to outflank the Germans, was a disaster for the British military. It had been his idea and as a result Churchill lost his admiralty post in 1915 and was sent to serve on the front lines in France. In January 1916 he was appointed as Lieutenant Colonel of the 6th Battalion Royal Scots Fusiliers.

Between 1922 and 1924 Churchill left the Liberal party and rejoined the Conservatives. He was appointed Chancellor of the Exchequer. It was a position he held until the election of 1929. He was defeated in the next election.

Between 1929 and 1939, Churchill was out of office but wrote much and stayed in the public eye. He warned many about the coming threat from Nazi Germany but no one was listening. When World War II started Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain appointed him first lord...