Essay by PaperNerd ContributorHigh School, 11th grade April 2001

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Lenin died in 1924 creating a power struggle between Leon Trotsky and Josef Stalin. Stalin assumed leadership of the Soviet Union, and between 1928 and 1941, he transformed the USSR. Stalin's real name was Joseph Djugashvil and later renamed himself Stalin meaning "man of steal."� During Stalin's reign of power he used many methods and changes that effected Russia in man ways.

During the power struggle both Leon Trostky and Josef Stalin differed in views of the future of the Russia. Trostky was more of a firm Marxist and wanted a worldwide revolution against Capitalism, while Stalin took a more cautious look at Marxism. Stalin later drove Trotsky out of the party and assassinated him in Mexico making Stalin the leader of Russia. Stalin's goal was to turn the Soviet Union into a modern industrialized nation. In order to do this, he set up several Five Year Plans mainly on building heavy industry, transportation, and increasing the farm output.

In document 2, it showed a chart predicting that after the Five Year Plan the production of electricity, coal, oil, iron, and steal would increase tremendously. In order to accomplish the Fiver Year Plan, Stalin set up a collectivization policy. Collectivization is taking over all the farms and forcing peasants and farmers to work on collecting farms. In document 3, it explains that the purpose of collectivization was to drive out the capitalist in agriculture and destroy the kulaks that would advance Russia in many ways. Stalin's used very brutal force to enforce the Five Year Plans. Bu waged war against the kulaks (they were wealthy farmland owners that resented collectivization). Stalin took their lands and sent them to work camps where 1,000's were executed and died from overwork. Stalin's policy was very strict and harsh that peasants started...