Organisational culture, how it develops and how it is effected by external and internal forces.

Essay by I_bite_badgersUniversity, Bachelor'sB-, March 2004

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The rise in non-western organisation's and their successes in the world economy (mainly Japanese) has been the main cause for the research into, and the development of the concepts which underline the key aspects of organisational culture i.e:

*What is culture?

*How can these cultures be catagorised?

*How does culture develop?

*How culture is effected by internal and external influences?

*And how it can effect other aspects of the organisation, including strategy?

*What are the aspects of an "effective" organisational culture?

*How culture evolves?

*How culture can be managed, changed and nurtured?

Many theorists in the business strategy field now believe that the success of an organisation depends on the culture which exists within the organisation.

Peters and Waterman (1982), In Search of Excellence: "Without exception, the dominance and coherence of culture proved to be an essential quality of the excellent companies" (p. 75)(3)

The following assignment aims to answer the above questions by drawing on the studies of theorists in the business strategy field.

The author will also make an attempt to evaluate these theories as to their relevance.

What is organisational culture?

Organisational culture can be defined as "The specific collection of values and norms that are shared by people and groups in an organisation and that control the way they interact with each other and with stakeholders outside the organisation" Hill and Jones (1)

Each and every organisation has its unique culture, this is usually formed unconsciously, based on the decisions of top management and the core personnel within the organisation. The actions of employees within an organisation are usually a result of not only their own thinking, but are largely influenced by the socialisation processes of the specific culture to which they belong.

Managers cultivate values and beliefs within an organisation, whether good or bad...