Andrew Jackson

Essay by PaperNerd ContributorHigh School, 11th grade May 2001

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Andrew Jackson; a born leader and self-taught military genius; became the hero of New Orleans when he led a band of Tennessee frontiersman southward into Mississippi territory. They fought Indians anywhere they could find them. Then Jackson invaded Spanish territory in western Florida to head off any British attempt to take the port of Pensacola. Turning westward, they helped defend New Orleans and collected a force of about fifty-four hundred frontiersman, sailors, regular troops and pirates. Free blacks joined with the promise of money and lands in the U.S. Americans lay behind walls of cotton bales waiting invading redcoats. The British commander ordered a frontal attack and watched his soldiers go down in rows before he himself was killed. This was the only really decisive land victory of the entire war for the Americans.

Jackson became an overnight hero in the battle of New Orleans and kept himself in the public's eye by his exploits in Florida.

He campaigned for the presidency, in 1824, and won at the popular polls but lost the election. He received the largest number of popular votes and the largest number in the Electoral College. Since he did not have the electoral majority the election went into the House of Representatives. The vote was between Jackson and John Quincy Adams. Adams ended up winning the Presidency by a majority of the states represented in the House.

In 1828, Jackson ran again for the Presidency. Between 1826 and 1828 both Adams and Jackson called themselves Republicans. Adams called himself a National Republican and Jackson called himself a Democratic Republican. Jackson appealed to the common people with his ideas about government, state's rights and as little federal spending as possible. After Jackson's win, his party was called the Democratic Party.

Andrew Jackson thought of himself as...