Ancient Civilization Paper

Essay by PaperNerd ContributorHigh School, 10th grade May 2001

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There were many great civilizations throughout recorded history. These civilizations began as small colonies and then grew into a numerous amount of large cities. They became unified underneath the rule of great people and also went into ruins because of the bad ones. The physical surroundings of these civilizations also played a major role their way of life, such as if agriculture was popular or if trade needed to be established in order to survive.

One of the first civilizations, whose great ruins can still be seen today, is the Egyptians. Their civilization developed mainly around the Nile River, which was seen as the "bringer of food." The river was capable of producing a fertile area several miles wide on both sides of the river and capable of producing food. The Egyptians tended to remain more rural with many small population centers that were congregated along a narrow band on both sides of the Nile.

The majority of the population lived at the point of delta where the river split in what was called Lower Egypt. The surpluses of food that the farmers were able to grow there, made them very prosperous. Also with the fertility that they had, they also had natural barriers that helped protect them from invasions, gave them a sense of security, and it fostered isolation.

There were three major divisions in the time of the ancient Egyptians known as the Old, Middle, and New Kingdoms. These were periods of long-term stability that was characterized by strong monarchical authority, much construction of temples and pyramids, and considerable intellectual and cultural activity. The kingdoms were lead by kings or often called pharaohs, whom were seen as being divine. As the new kingdoms went on, the pharaoh was seen more as a shepherd of the people and...